Control Algae Naturally
* Written by: Peter Van Smith
Algae control in ponds is a very taxing process and the major cause of eutrophication is caused by an increase in nutrients. These nutrient rich element contain phosphorous or nitrogen. This inclusion of nutrients in the aquatic ecosystem lead to an increase of algae in the pond. This scenario could also lead to a decline in oxygen levels and depletion of fish and other marine animals and plant life. Hence algae control becomes imperative for these reasons.
In a few cases algal blooms are referred to as "harmful algal blooms" which can be extremely damaging to animals, aquatic plants, and sometimes humans. In worst case scenario, a pond or body of water can become anaerobic and result in evolution of harmful bacteria that produce toxins.
Popular Algae Control Methods: Why They Don't Always Work
Algaecides: The most common method is to restrict the flow of oxygen in the pond. When oxygen is reduced in an aquatic environment, the living creatures in the pond suffers the most. Hence its advised to use it in a limited manner as they can do harm to the aquatic life, than help in controlling the growth of algae. They are also known to affect natural fish reproduction. When used sparingly they are a great option for spot treatment.
Alum: Alum is yet another way to control algae in ponds. This process can leave an aluminum hydroxide on the pond or lake bottom that can interfere with fish reproduction, and beneficial bacteria and insects that naturally feed on lake and pond muck.
One of the best ways to control algae bloom in a pond is to reduce the overabundance of pond nutrients with the help of a water aerator, in combination with beneficial bacteria and enzymes that helps in controlling algae and reduce carbon dioxide and nutrients to low levels. This is one of the most effective and long term ways to control and naturally remove algae.
Aeration: A lot many times aeration is done to naturally control algae. This is again one of the most natural process to control algae and contributes to a healthier pond ecosystem. This method is based on the principle that ponds can restore themselves using their own natural processes. Aeration is the natural process to restore water processes and remove algae.
Remove Debris: Keep your pond free of debris. Remove excess mud and leaves that stick in the pond. Decaying leaves and seeds become feed / nutrients for algae.
Plantation: Induce large amount of bog and marginal plants into the pond. Plants such as cattails and iris consumes large quantities of nutrients leaving few very nutrient for the growth of algae in the pond.
Plant Lilies: Plant lilies to cover the water surface of the pond. Lily pads float on top of the pond, it soaks up sunlight. These lily pads control algae by preventing sunlight from reaching the bottom of the pond.
Add Koi: Adding Koi over 10″ in length will significantly reduce string algae. The Koi will graze on the algae attached to the rocks inside the pond.
One common problem pond owners face each year is Algae control in ponds. The problem can acquire gigantic proportions if not treated in time. Visit our website: http://www.killlakeweeds.com for expert help on how to control algae in pond.